Adjei-et-al_2018_Time spent on work-related activities, social activities and time pressure as intermediary determinants of health disparities among elderly women and men in 5 European countries.pdf 793,38KB
1000 Titel
  • Time spent on work-related activities, social activities and time pressure as intermediary determinants of health disparities among elderly women and men in 5 European countries: a structural equation model
1000 Autor/in
  1. Adjei, Nicholas |
  2. Jonnson, Kenisha Russel |
  3. Brand, Tilman |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2018
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Art der Datei
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2018-08-16
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 17:121
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2018
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
  • |
1000 Ergänzendes Material
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors shape the health of older adults through complex inter-relating pathways. Besides socioeconomic factors, time use activities may explain gender inequality in self-reported health. This study investigated the role of work-related and social time use activities as determinants of health in old age. Specifically, we analysed whether the impact of stress in terms of time pressure on health mediated the relationship between work-related time use activities (i.e. housework and paid work) on self-reported health. METHODS: We applied structural equation models and a maximum-likelihood function to estimate the direct and indirect effects of psychosocial factors on health using pooled data from the Multinational Time Use Study on 11,168 men and 14,295 women aged 65+ from Italy, Spain, UK, France and the Netherlands. RESULTS: The fit indices for the conceptual model indicated an acceptable fit for both men and women. The results showed that socioeconomic status (SES), demographic factors, stress and work-related time use activities after retirement had a significant direct influence on self-reported health among the elderly, but the magnitude of the effects varied by gender. Social activities had a positive impact on self-reported health but had no significant impact on stress among older men and women. The indirect standardized effects of work-related activities on self-reported health was statistically significant for housework (β = − 0.006; P < 0.001 among men and β = − 0.008; P < 0.001 among women) and paid work (β = 0.012; P < 0.01 among men and β = 0.000; P > 0.05 among women), which implied that the paths from paid work and housework on self-reported health via stress (mediator) was very weak because their indirect effects were close to zero. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that although stress in terms of time pressure has a direct negative effect on health, it does not indirectly influence the positive effects of work-related time use activities on self-reported health among elderly men and women. The results support the time availability hypothesis that the elderly may not have the same time pressure as younger adults after retirement.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Self-reported health
lokal Time-use activities
lokal Gender
lokal Elderly
lokal Psychosocial factors
lokal Stress
1000 Fachgruppe
  1. Medizin |
  2. Gesundheitswesen |
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
1000 Label
1000 Dateien
1000 Objektart article
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1000 @id frl:6409774.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2018-08-29T13:13:38.417+0200
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1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Fri Jan 31 00:21:46 CET 2020
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