Download
Nyangasa-et-al_2019_Association between cardiometabolic risk factors and body mass index, waist circumferences and body fat in a Zanzibari cross-sectional study.pdf 358,90KB
WeightNameValue
1000 Titel
  • Association between cardiometabolic risk factors and body mass index, waist circumferences and body fat in a Zanzibari cross-sectional study
1000 Autor/in
  1. Nyangasa, Maria Adam |
  2. Buck, Christoph |
  3. Kelm, Soerge |
  4. Sheikh, Mohammed |
  5. Brackmann, Kim |
  6. Hebestreit, Antje |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2019
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2019-07-04
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 9(7):e025397
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2019
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025397 |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of obesity indices (body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), body fat per cent (BF%)) and cardiometabolic risk factors. To investigate the association between obesity indices and cardiometabolic risk factors in a Zanzibari population. DESIGNS:Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS: Participants randomly selected from 80 Shehias (wards) in Unguja, Zanzibar in 2013. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 470 participants between 5 and 95 years were examined. Data on socioeconomic status, area of residence, anthropometry and venous blood were collected. Associations between obesity indices and cardiometabolic risk factors were investigated using multilevel logistic regression analyses in two steps: first, each obesity indicator was tested independently; second, all indicators combined in one model were tested for their association with cardiometabolic risk factors. RESULTS: The proportion of overweight/obese individuals was 26.4%, high WC (24.9%) and high BF% (31.1%). Cardiometabolic risk factors with highest prevalence of abnormal values included hypertension (24.5%), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) (29.4%), high low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) (21.3%) and high glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) (19.1%). Obesity and hypertension increased with age, and were most prevalent in participants aged 45 years and above. Low HDL-C was most prevalent among participants aged ≥18 to <45 years, while high LDL-C was more prevalent in those above 45 years. High WC and high BF% were associated with high levels of LDL-C (OR=2.52 (95% CI 1.24 to 5.13), OR=1.91 (95% CI 1.02 to 3.58), respectively). Additionally, BMI and WC were associated with high levels of HbA1c (OR=2.08 (95% CI 1.15 to 3.79), OR=3.01 (95% CI 1.51 to 6.03), respectively). In the combined regression model, WC was associated with higher chances for hypertension (OR=2.62 (95% CI 1.14 to 6.06)) and for high levels of HbA1c (OR=2.62 (95% CI 1.12 to 6.15)). CONCLUSION: High BMI, WC and BF% were strongly associated with hypertension, with individuals with high WC being twice more likely to have hypertension; this calls for early and effective screening strategies for this study population.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Adults
lokal Sub-saharan Africa
lokal Adolescents
lokal Children
lokal Hypertension
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
  1. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3073-3905|https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0261-704X|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/S2VsbSwgU29lcmdl|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/U2hlaWtoLCBNb2hhbW1lZA==|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/QnJhY2ttYW5uLCBLaW0=|https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7354-5958
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. Leibniz-Gemeinschaft |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. SAW-2012-ZMT-4
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. Open Access Fund
1000 Dateien
  1. Association between cardiometabolic risk factors and body mass index, waist circumferences and body fat in a Zanzibari cross-sectional study
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Leibniz-Gemeinschaft |
    1000 Förderprogramm Open Access Fund
    1000 Fördernummer SAW-2012-ZMT-4
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6415255.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2019-07-17T16:01:27.384+0200
1000 Erstellt von 266
1000 beschreibt frl:6415255
1000 Bearbeitet von 25
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Tue Jul 23 08:30:42 CEST 2019
1000 Objekt bearb. Tue Jul 23 08:30:42 CEST 2019
1000 Vgl. frl:6415255
1000 Oai Id
  1. oai:frl.publisso.de:frl:6415255 |
1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
1000 Sichtbarkeit Daten public
1000 Gegenstand von

View source