agronomy-07-00078-v2.pdf 268,14KB
1000 Titel
  • In-Vitro Inhibition of Pythium ultimum, Fusarium graminearum, and Rhizoctonia solani by a Stabilized Lactoperoxidase System alone and in Combination with Synthetic Fungicides
1000 Autor/in
  1. Hansen, Zachariah R. |
  2. Donnelly, Marie K. |
  3. Corgié, Stéphane |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2017
1000 Art der Datei
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2017-11-23
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 7(4):78
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2017
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • Advances in enzyme stabilization and immobilization make the use of enzymes for industrial applications increasingly feasible. The lactoperoxidase (LPO) system is a naturally occurring enzyme system with known antimicrobial activity. Stabilized LPO and glucose oxidase (GOx) enzymes were combined with glucose, potassium iodide, and ammonium thiocyanate to create an anti-fungal formulation, which inhibited in-vitro growth of the plant pathogenic oomycete Pythium ultimum, and the plant pathogenic fungi Fusarium graminearum and Rhizoctonia solani. Pythium ultimum was more sensitive than F. graminearum and R. solani, and was killed at LPO and GOx concentrations of 20 nM and 26 nM, respectively. Rhizoctonia solani and F. graminearum were 70% to 80% inhibited by LPO and GOx concentrations of 242 nM and 315 nM, respectively. The enzyme system was tested for compatibility with five commercial fungicides as co-treatments. The majority of enzyme + fungicide co-treatments resulted in additive activity. Synergism ranging from 7% to 36% above the expected additive activity was observed when P. ultimum was exposed to the enzyme system combined with Daconil® (active ingredient (AI): chlorothalonil 29.6%, GardenTech, Lexington, KY, USA), tea tree oil, and mancozeb at select fungicide concentrations. Antagonism was observed when the enzyme system was combined with Tilt® (AI: propiconazole 41.8%, Syngenta, Basel, Switzerland) at one fungicide concentration, resulting in activity 24% below the expected additive activity at that concentration.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal enzyme stabilization
lokal Rhizoctonia
lokal Pythium
lokal glucose oxidase
lokal Fusarium
lokal fungicide
lokal lactoperoxidase
1000 Fachgruppe
  1. Agrarwissenschaften |
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
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1000 Erstellt am 2018-10-09T11:01:35.845+0200
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