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WeightNameValue
1000 Titel
  • Wild inside: Urban wild boar select natural, not anthropogenic food resources
1000 Autor/in
  1. Stillfried, Milena |
  2. Gras, Pierre |
  3. Busch, Matthias |
  4. Börner, Konstantin |
  5. Kramer-Schadt, Stephanie |
  6. Ortmann, Sylvia |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2017
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Art der Datei
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2017-04-12
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 12(4):e0175127
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2017
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175127 |
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5389637/ |
1000 Ergänzendes Material
  • http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0175127#sec026 |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • Most wildlife species are urban avoiders, but some became urban utilizers and dwellers successfully living in cities. Often, they are assumed to be attracted into urban areas by easily accessible and highly energetic anthropogenic food sources. We macroscopically analysed stomachs of 247 wild boar (Sus scrofa, hereafter WB) from urban areas of Berlin and from the surrounding rural areas. From the stomach contents we determined as predictors of food quality modulus of fineness (MOF,), percentage of acid insoluble ash (AIA) and macronutrients such as amount of energy and percentage of protein, fat, fibre and starch. We run linear mixed models to test: (1) differences in the proportion of landscape variables, (2) differences of nutrients consumed in urban vs. rural WB and (3) the impact of landscape variables on gathered nutrients. We found only few cases of anthropogenic food in the qualitative macroscopic analysis. We categorized the WB into five stomach content categories but found no significant difference in the frequency of those categories between urban and rural WB. The amount of energy was higher in stomachs of urban WB than in rural WB. The analysis of landscape variables revealed that the energy of urban WB increased with increasing percentage of sealing, while an increased human density resulted in poor food quality for urban and rural WB. Although the percentage of protein decreased in areas with a high percentage of coniferous forests, the food quality increased. High percentage of grassland decreased the percentage of consumed fat and starch and increased the percentage of fibre, while a high percentage of agricultural areas increased the percentage of consumed starch. Anthropogenic food such as garbage might serve as fallback food when access to natural resources is limited. We infer that urban WB forage abundant, natural resources in urban areas. Urban WB might use anthropogenic resources (e.g. garbage) if those are easier to exploit and more abundant than natural resources. This study shows that access to natural resources still is mandatory and drives the amount of protein, starch, fat or fibre in wild boar stomachs in urban as well as rural environments.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Grasslands
lokal Stomach
lokal Forests
lokal Urban areas
lokal Agriculture
lokal Starches
lokal Fats
lokal Food
1000 Fachgruppe
  1. Biologie |
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
  1. https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/U3RpbGxmcmllZCwgTWlsZW5h|http://orcid.org/0000-0002-4269-0770|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/QnVzY2gsIE1hdHRoaWFz|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/QsO2cm5lciwgS29uc3RhbnRpbg==|http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9269-4446|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/T3J0bWFubiwgU3lsdmlhIA==
1000 Förderer
  1. Stiftung Naturschutz Berlin |
  2. National Geographic |
  3. Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research |
  4. German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. -
  2. -
  3. -
  4. Bridging in Biodiversity Science—BIBS
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. -
  2. -
  3. -
  4. Bridging in Biodiversity Science—BIBS
1000 Dateien
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Stiftung Naturschutz Berlin |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
  2. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer National Geographic |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
  3. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
  4. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer German Federal Ministry of Education and Research BMBF |
    1000 Förderprogramm Bridging in Biodiversity Science—BIBS
    1000 Fördernummer Bridging in Biodiversity Science—BIBS
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6406106.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2018-01-03T13:58:41.535+0100
1000 Erstellt von 122
1000 beschreibt frl:6406106
1000 Bearbeitet von 218
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Thu Jun 28 11:17:12 CEST 2018
1000 Objekt bearb. Thu Jun 28 11:17:12 CEST 2018
1000 Vgl. frl:6406106
1000 Oai Id
  1. oai:frl.publisso.de:frl:6406106 |
1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
1000 Sichtbarkeit Daten public
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