Buck-et-al_2013_Clustering of unhealthy food around German schools.pdf 924,07KB
1000 Titel
  • Clustering of unhealthy food around German schools and its influence on dietary behavior in school children: a pilot study
1000 Autor/in
  1. Buck, Christoph |
  2. Börnhorst, Claudia |
  3. Pohlabeln, Hermann |
  4. Huybrechts, Inge |
  5. Pala, Valeria |
  6. Reisch, Lucia A. |
  7. Pigeot, Iris |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2013
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Art der Datei
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2013-05-24
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 10:65
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2013
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
  • |
1000 Ergänzendes Material
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • BACKGROUND: The availability of fast foods, sweets, and other snacks in the living environment of children is assumed to contribute to an obesogenic environment. In particular, it is hypothesized that food retailers are spatially clustered around schools and that a higher availability of unhealthy foods leads to its higher consumption in children. Studies that support these relationships have primarily been conducted in the U.S. or Australia, but rarely in European communities. We used data of FFQ and 24-HDR of the IDEFICS study, as well as geographical data from one German study region to investigate (1) the clustering of food outlets around schools and (2) the influence of junk food availability on the food intake in school children. METHODS: We geocoded food outlets offering junk food (e.g. supermarkets, kiosks, and fast food restaurants). Spatial cluster analysis of food retailers around child-serving institutions was conducted using an inhomogeneous K-function to calculate global 95% confidence envelopes. Furthermore, a food retail index was implemented considering the kernel density of junk food supplies per service area, adjusted for residential density. We linked the food retail index to FFQ and 24-HDR data of 384 6- to 9-year-old school children in the study region and investigated the impact of the index on food intake, using multilevel regression models adjusted for sex, age, BMI, parent’s education and income, as well as adjusting for over- and underreporting of food intake. RESULTS: Comparing the 95% confidence envelopes to the observed K-function, we showed that food stores and fast food restaurants do not significantly cluster around schools. Apart from this result, the food retail index showed no effect on BMI (β=0.01,p=0.11) or food intake variables assessed by FFQ and 24-HDR. CONCLUSION: In the built environment of the German study region, clustering of food retailers does not depend on the location of schools. Additionally, the results suggest that the consumption of junk food in young children is not influenced by spatial availability of unhealthy food. However, investigations should be replicated in other European communities to increase environmental variability.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Convenience Store
lokal Unhealthy Food
lokal Fast Food Restaurant
lokal Food Store
lokal Point Pattern
1000 Fachgruppe
  1. Medizin |
  2. Gesundheitswesen |
  3. Ernährungswissenschaften |
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. European Community |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. 016181 (FOOD); 266044
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. Sixth Framework Programme; Seventh Framework Programme
1000 Dateien
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer European Community |
    1000 Förderprogramm Sixth Framework Programme; Seventh Framework Programme
    1000 Fördernummer 016181 (FOOD); 266044
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6407226.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2018-03-21T13:35:49.821+0100
1000 Erstellt von 266
1000 beschreibt frl:6407226
1000 Bearbeitet von 122
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Thu Jan 30 21:21:39 CET 2020
1000 Objekt bearb. Tue May 29 12:25:58 CEST 2018
1000 Vgl. frl:6407226
1000 Oai Id
  1. |
1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
1000 Sichtbarkeit Daten public
1000 Gegenstand von

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