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WeightNameValue
1000 Titel
  • Pressure flaking to serrate bifacial points for the hunt during the MIS5 at Sibudu Cave (South Africa)
1000 Autor/in
  1. Rots, Veerle |
  2. Lentfer, Carol |
  3. Schmid, Viola C. |
  4. Porraz, Guillaume |
  5. Conard, Nicholas J. |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2017
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Art der Datei
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2017-04-26
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 12(4):e0175151
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2017
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0175151 |
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5405927/ |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • Projectile technology is considered to appear early in the southern African Middle Stone Age (MSA) and the rich and high resolution MSA sequence of Sibudu Cave in KwaZulu-Natal has provided many new insights about the use and hafting of various projectile forms. We present the results of a functional and technological analysis on a series of unpublished serrated bifacial points recently recovered from the basal deposits of Sibudu Cave. These serrated tools, which only find equivalents in the neighbouring site of Umhlatuzana, precede the Still Bay techno-complex and are older than 77 ka BP. Independent residue and use-wear analyses were performed in a phased procedure involving two separate analysts, which allowed the engagement between two separate lines of functional evidence. Thanks to the excellent preservation at Sibudu Cave, a wide range of animal, plant and mineral residues were observed in direct relation with diagnostic wear patterns. The combination of technological, wear and residue evidence allowed us to confirm that the serration was manufactured with bone compressors and that the serrated points were mounted with a composite adhesive as the tips of projectiles used in hunting activities. The suite of technological and functional data pushes back the evidence for the use of pressure flaking during the MSA and highlights the diversity of the technical innovations adopted by southern African MSA populations. We suggest the serrated points from the stratigraphic units Adam to Darya of Sibudu illustrate one important technological adaptation of the southern African MSA and provide another example of the variability of MSA bifacial technologies.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Archaeology
lokal Adhesives
lokal Sediment
lokal Crystals
lokal Raw materials
lokal Starches
lokal Paleoanthropology
lokal Quartz
1000 Fachgruppe
  1. Umweltwissenschaften |
  2. Interdisziplinär |
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
  1. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6404-3160|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/TGVudGZlciwgQ2Fyb2w=|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/U2NobWlkLCBWaW9sYSBDLg==|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/UG9ycmF6LCBHdWlsbGF1bWU=|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/creator/Q29uYXJkLCBOaWNob2xhcyBKLg==
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. European Union (EU) |
  2. Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS-FRS) |
  3. Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaft |
  4. Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoecology Tübingen |
  5. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. 312283
  2. CQ2011
  3. -
  4. -
  5. CO 226/27-1
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. 7th Framework Programme; ERC Grant
  2. -
  3. The Role of Culture in Early Expansion of Humans
  4. -
  5. -
1000 Dateien
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer European Union (EU) |
    1000 Förderprogramm 7th Framework Programme; ERC Grant
    1000 Fördernummer 312283
  2. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Fund for Scientific Research (FNRS-FRS) |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer CQ2011
  3. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaft |
    1000 Förderprogramm The Role of Culture in Early Expansion of Humans
    1000 Fördernummer -
  4. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Senckenberg Center for Human Evolution and Paleoecology Tübingen |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
  5. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer CO 226/27-1
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6409139.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2018-08-03T13:03:44.354+0200
1000 Erstellt von 270
1000 beschreibt frl:6409139
1000 Bearbeitet von 270
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Thu Jan 30 16:44:18 CET 2020
1000 Objekt bearb. Fri Mar 01 11:16:23 CET 2019
1000 Vgl. frl:6409139
1000 Oai Id
  1. oai:frl.publisso.de:frl:6409139 |
1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
1000 Sichtbarkeit Daten public
1000 Gegenstand von

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