fnut-04-00038.pdf 595,41KB
1000 Titel
  • The Mediterranean Diet Reduces the Risk and Mortality of the Prostate Cancer: A Narrative Review
1000 Autor/in
  1. Capurso, Cristiano |
  2. Vendemiale, Gianluigi |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2017
1000 Art der Datei
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2017-08-24
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 4:38
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2017
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in the world among men, and is the fifth most common cause of cancer death among men. The aim of our review was to analyze observational and case–control studies to point out the effects of overweight and diets components on the cancer risk, particularly on risk of prostate cancer, and the effect of the Mediterranean diet (MD) on the reduction of risk and mortality of prostate cancer. It is known that incidence and progression of cancer is multifactorial. Cancer of the large bowel, breast, endometrium, and prostate are due also to a high body mass index and to high consumption of high carcinogenic dietary factors, as red and processed meat or saturated fats rich foods, and to a low consumption of vegetables and fruits. Previous meta-analysis suggested that high adherence to diet model based on the traditional MD pattern gives a significant protection from incidence and mortality of cancer of all types. The main component of the MD is olive oil, consumed in high amount by Mediterranean basin populations. In addition, phenolic compounds exert some strong chemo-preventive effects, which are due to several mechanisms, including both antioxidant effects and actions on cancer cell signaling and cell cycle progression and proliferation. The protective effect of the MD against the prostate cancer is also due to the high consumption of tomato sauce. Lycopene is the most relevant functional component in tomatoes; after activating by the cooking of tomato sauce, it exerts antioxidant properties by acting in the modulation of downregulation mechanisms of the inflammatory response. MD, therefore, represents a healthy dietary pattern in the context of a healthy lifestyle habits. In conclusion, our narrative review allows us to reaffirm how nutritional factors play an important role in cancer initiation and development, and how a healthy dietary pattern represented by MD and its components, especially olive oil, could exert a protective role by the development and progression of prostate cancer.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal nutrition
lokal prostate cancer
lokal Mediterranean diet
lokal olive oil
lokal obesity
1000 Fachgruppe
  1. Medizin |
  2. Gesundheitswesen |
  3. Ernährungswissenschaften |
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
1000 Label
1000 Dateien
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6409470.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2018-08-21T11:06:40.376+0200
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1000 Bearbeitet von 122
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