1000 Titel
  • Objective Measures of the Built Environment and Physical Activity in Children: From Walkability to Moveability
1000 Autor/in
  1. Buck, Christoph |
  2. Tkaczick, Tobias |
  3. Pitsiladis, Yannis |
  4. De Bourdeaudhuij, Ilse |
  5. Reisch, Lucia A. |
  6. Ahrens, Wolfgang |
  7. Pigeot, Iris |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2014
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2014-11-08
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 92(1):24-38
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Verlagsversion
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4338118/ |
  • https://doi.org/10.1007/s11524-014-9915-2 |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • Features of the built environment that may influence physical activity (PA) levels are commonly captured using a so-called walkability index. Since such indices typically describe opportunities for walking in everyday life of adults, they might not be applicable to assess urban opportunities for PA in children. Particularly, the spatial availability of recreational facilities may have an impact on PA in children and should be additionally considered. We linked individual data of 400 2- to 9-year-old children recruited in the European IDEFICS study to geographic data of one German study region, based on individual network-dependent neighborhoods. Environmental features of the walkability concept and the availability of recreational facilities, i.e. playgrounds, green spaces, and parks, were measured. Relevant features were combined to a moveability index that should capture urban opportunities for PA in children. A gamma log-regression model was used to model linear and non-linear effects of individual variables on accelerometer-based moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) stratified by pre-school children (<6 years) and school children (≥6 years). Single environmental features and the resulting indices were separately included into the model to investigate the effect of each variable on MVPA. In school children, commonly used features such as residential density (βˆ=0.5⋅10−4,p=0.02), intersection density (βˆ=0.003,p=0.04), and public transit density (βˆ=0.037,p=0.01) showed a positive effect on MVPA, while land use mix revealed a negative effect on MVPA (βˆ=−0.173,p=0.13). In particular, playground density (βˆ=0.048,p=0.01) and density of public open spaces, i.e., playgrounds and parks combined (βˆ=0.040,p=0.01), showed positive effects on MVPA. However, availability of green spaces showed no effect on MVPA. Different moveability indices were constructed based on the walkability index accounting for the negative impact of land use mix. Moveability indices showed also strong effects on MVPA in school children for both components, expanded by playground density (βˆ=0.014,p=0.008) or by public open space density (βˆ=0.014,p=0.007), but no effects of urban measures and moveability indices were found in pre-school children. The final moveability indices capture relevant opportunities for PA in school children. Particularly, availability of public open spaces seems to be a strong predictor of MVPA. Future studies involving children should consider quantitative assessment of public recreational facilities in larger cities or urban sprawls in order to investigate the influence of the moveability on childhood PA in a broader sample.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal IDEFICS study
lokal Children
lokal Walkability
lokal Built environment
lokal Accelerometry
lokal Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
  1. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0261-704X|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/VGthY3ppY2ssIFRvYmlhcw==|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/UGl0c2lsYWRpcywgWWFubmlz|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/RGUgQm91cmRlYXVkaHVpaiwgSWxzZQ==|https://frl.publisso.de/adhoc/uri/UmVpc2NoLCBMdWNpYSBBLg==|https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3777-570X|https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7483-0726
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft |
  2. Sixth Framework Programme |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. PI 345/7-1
  2. 016181 (FOOD)
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. -
  2. -
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer PI 345/7-1
  2. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Sixth Framework Programme |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer 016181 (FOOD)
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6416346.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2019-09-13T13:10:05.134+0200
1000 Erstellt von 266
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1000 Bearbeitet von 218
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Sat Dec 24 14:48:58 CET 2022
1000 Objekt bearb. Sat Dec 24 14:48:57 CET 2022
1000 Vgl. frl:6416346
1000 Oai Id
  1. oai:frl.publisso.de:frl:6416346 |
1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
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