33325.full.pdf 2,21MB
1000 Titel
  • Communication hubs of an asocial cat are the source of a human–carnivore conflict and key to its solution
1000 Autor/in
  1. Melzheimer, Joerg |
  2. Heinrich, Sonja |
  3. Waisolka, Bernd |
  4. Müller, Rebekka |
  5. Thalwitzer, Susanne |
  6. Palmegiani, Ivan |
  7. Weigold, Annika |
  8. Portas, Rubén |
  9. Röder, Ralf |
  10. Krofel, Miha |
  11. Hofer, Heribert |
  12. Wachter, Bettina |
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2020-12-29
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 117(52):33325–33333
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2020
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • The cheetah is a prominent example for human–carnivore conflicts and mitigation challenges. Its global population suffered a substantial decline throughout its range. Here, we present an in-depth and new understanding of the socio-spatial organization of the cheetah. We show that cheetahs maintain a network of communication hubs distributed in a regular pattern across the landscape, not contiguous with each other and separated by a surrounding matrix. Cheetahs spend a substantial amount of their time in these hubs, resulting in high local cheetah activity, which represents a high local predation risk for livestock. Implementing this knowledge, farmers were able to reduce livestock losses by 86%.Human–wildlife conflicts occur worldwide. Although many nonlethal mitigation solutions are available, they rarely use the behavioral ecology of the conflict species to derive effective and long-lasting solutions. Here, we use a long-term study with 106 GPS-collared free-ranging cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) to demonstrate how new insights into the socio-spatial organization of this species provide the key for such a solution. GPS-collared territory holders marked and defended communication hubs (CHs) in the core area of their territories. The CHs/territories were distributed in a regular pattern across the landscape such that they were not contiguous with each other but separated by a surrounding matrix. They were kept in this way by successive territory holders, thus maintaining this overdispersed distribution. The CHs were also visited by nonterritorial cheetah males and females for information exchange, thus forming hotspots of cheetah activity and presence. We hypothesized that the CHs pose an increased predation risk to young calves for cattle farmers in Namibia. In an experimental approach, farmers shifted cattle herds away from the CHs during the calving season. This drastically reduced their calf losses by cheetahs because cheetahs did not follow the herds but instead preyed on naturally occurring local wildlife prey in the CHs. This implies that in the cheetah system, there are “problem areas,” the CHs, rather than “problem individuals.” The incorporation of the behavioral ecology of conflict species opens promising areas to search for solutions in other conflict species with nonhomogenous space use.The data that support the findings of this study are available upon reasonable request from the corresponding author (J.M.). The data are not publicly available because of the conservation status of the species and a growing market of its products, such as skin, bones, and teeth.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal intraspecific
lokal movement ecology
lokal cheetah
lokal communication
lokal human-wildlife conflict
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. Messerli-Stiftung |
  2. WWF Germany |
  3. Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst |
1000 Fördernummer
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1000 Förderprogramm
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1000 Dateien
1000 Förderung
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    1000 Förderer Messerli-Stiftung |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
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    1000 Förderer WWF Germany |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
  3. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer -
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6426737.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2021-04-12T14:54:07.850+0200
1000 Erstellt von 122
1000 beschreibt frl:6426737
1000 Bearbeitet von 122
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Mon Apr 12 14:56:37 CEST 2021
1000 Objekt bearb. Mon Apr 12 14:56:05 CEST 2021
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