Negash_2021_Worsened Financial Situation During the COVID-19 Pandemic Was Associated With Depressive Symptomatology.pdf 991,55KB
1000 Titel
  • Worsened Financial Situation During the COVID-19 Pandemic Was Associated With Depressive Symptomatology Among University Students in Germany: Results of the COVID-19 International Student Well-Being Study
1000 Autor/in
  1. Negash, Sarah |
  2. Kartschmit, Nadja |
  3. Mikolajczyk, Rafael T. |
  4. Watzke, Stefan |
  5. Matos Fialho, Paula Mayara |
  6. Pischke, Claudia R. |
  7. Busse, Heide |
  8. Helmer, Stefanie M. |
  9. Stock, Christiane |
  10. Zeeb, Hajo |
  11. Wendt, Claus |
  12. Niephaus, Yasemin |
  13. Schmidt-Pokrzywniak, Andrea |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2021
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2021-12-16
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 12:743158
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2021
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • BACKGROUND: Previous findings suggest that university students are at an elevated risk to experience financial hardship and to suffer from depressive symptoms. This vulnerability may have substantially increased during the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic which might have affected students' socio-economic situation but possibly also their mental well-being. We examined whether the financial situation changed during the COVID-19 pandemic among German university students, and whether changes were associated with mental well-being. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional online survey in May and July 2020 at five German universities. Participants were asked, if they had sufficient financial resources to cover monthly expenses before and during the pandemic. The answer options were dichotomized into worsened and no change/better financial situation compared to before the COVID-19 pandemic. Depressive symptoms were assessed using the CES-D 8 scale. For examining associations between sociodemographic, study-related, and financial factors and “worsened financial situation,” we ran a generalized linear mixed model. To assess associations between depressive symptoms and worsened financial situation, we performed a linear mixed model. RESULTS: We included 7,199 participants in the analyses (69% female, 30% male, 1% diverse, mean age: 24 years, standard deviation: 4.7). Overall, 25% of the participants reported to have a worsened financial situation at the time of the survey than in the time before COVID-19. Factors associated with a worsened financial situation were migration background, parents not being academics, not being able to borrow money, and payment of tuition fee by student and loan [odds ratios (OR) ranging from 1.20 to 2.35]. Factors associated with lower odds were: being single, living with others, studying a health-related field, being enrolled in a doctoral/Ph.D. or state exam program, and publicly funded tuition/tuition paid with a scholarship (OR ranging from 0.42 to 0.80). A worsened financial situation was associated with 1.02 points more on the CES-D 8 scale (95% CI: 0.80–1.24). CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the pandemic put a number of students under financial strain with detrimental consequences for their mental well-being. Renewed attention must be paid to this vulnerable group to prevent the potentially damaging effects on their mental health.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Financial situation
lokal Mental health
lokal University students
lokal COVID-19 pandemic
lokal Depressive symptoms
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
1000 (Academic) Editor
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. -
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. Open Access Publication Fund
1000 Dateien
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg |
    1000 Förderprogramm Open Access Publication Fund
    1000 Fördernummer -
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6433191.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2022-04-25T10:32:23.573+0200
1000 Erstellt von 266
1000 beschreibt frl:6433191
1000 Bearbeitet von 317
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Tue Apr 26 12:51:06 CEST 2022
1000 Objekt bearb. Tue Apr 26 12:50:39 CEST 2022
1000 Vgl. frl:6433191
1000 Oai Id
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1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
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