s40066-022-00383-4.pdf 1,95MB
1000 Titel
  • Governing COVID-19: analyzing the effects of policy responses on food systems in Tanzania
1000 Autor/in
  1. Mugabe, Paschal A. |
  2. Renkamp, Theresa M. |
  3. Rybak, Constance |
  4. Mbwana, Hadija |
  5. Gordon, Chris |
  6. Sieber, Stefan |
  7. Löhr, Katharina |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2022
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2022-09-09
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 11(1):47
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2022
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic increased debates on global public health concerns. From early 2020 to 2022, globally, life was upended in the wake of the pandemic. Industries of all kinds were forced to rapidly changed how they work, including agriculture. Particularly for smallholder farmers in developing countries, the COVID-19 pandemic, coupled with climate change effects, negatively affected their livelihoods. Achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals by 2030 is unrealistic if immediate efforts are not made to address the existential threats facing smallholder farmers. This study analyzes COVID-19 governance and policy responses, examining its effects on smallholder farmers in the south and east of Tanzania using both qualitative and quantitative techniques. RESULTS: Findings show that mobility restrictions imposed by other countries and fears of the Tanzanian people leading to voluntary isolation resulted in an amended structure of farmers’ markets: Reductions in exports, imports and in the purchasing power of the local people followed. Food security was diminished as food availability on the market level was reduced due to mobility restrictions. The impact of COVID-19 resulted in more than 85% of smallholder farmers experiencing an income reduction, thus also increasing the pre-existing vulnerability of these communities. Findings show that farms producing non-exported crops had less severe income reductions and could cope better. The results indicate that only 20% of smallholder farmers started using digital information technology to gather information since physical movements were restricted. Access to technology remained limited in rural areas. Even during the COVID-19 crises, farmers’ concerns about the vulnerability of their food systems include non-COVID-19 causes, such as climate change. CONCLUSIONS Although Tanzania did not impose a total lockdown, the country was affected by COVID-19, partly via policies of other countries. Impacts included: (i) a decline in local markets as smallholder farmers had fewer trading partners from neighboring states; (ii) a loss of employment opportunities due to the absence of both local and external trade; (iii) reductions of farm output and income; (iv) a lack of agricultural inputs (fertilizer etc.) that are usually imported; (v) fear to continue farming activities due to news about COVID-19 spreading; and (vi) reduction of work efficiency because of a lack of social gathering due to voluntary isolation. While COVID-19 compelled policymakers to make urgent decisions to ensure stable food supply chains, the fundamental task is to address these immediate disruptions while also investing in the long-term goal of a resilient, sustainable, and productive global food system. This can be achieved by adopting a policy package that includes investments in technological development, access to small long-term loans, and regulatory reforms, with which governments can create conditions supporting productive, sustainable, and resilient food systems that can withstand future shocks.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Food systems
lokal Smallholder farmers
lokal COVID-19
lokal Policy responses
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. Projekt DEAL |
  2. German Leibniz Research Alliance ‘Crises in a Globalized World’ |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. -
  2. -
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. Open access funding
  2. COVID-I project: the Impacts of COVID-19 on Agricultural Practices and Food Systems in Brazil, Tanzania and Iran
1000 Dateien
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Projekt DEAL |
    1000 Förderprogramm Open access funding
    1000 Fördernummer -
  2. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer German Leibniz Research Alliance ‘Crises in a Globalized World’ |
    1000 Förderprogramm COVID-I project: the Impacts of COVID-19 on Agricultural Practices and Food Systems in Brazil, Tanzania and Iran
    1000 Fördernummer -
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6435486.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2022-10-13T11:07:56.820+0200
1000 Erstellt von 317
1000 beschreibt frl:6435486
1000 Bearbeitet von 317
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Thu Oct 13 12:03:56 CEST 2022
1000 Objekt bearb. Thu Oct 13 12:03:56 CEST 2022
1000 Vgl. frl:6435486
1000 Oai Id
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1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
1000 Sichtbarkeit Daten public
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