Mukamana-et-al_2022_Investigating the associations between.pdf 924,10KB
1000 Titel
  • Investigating the associations between intimate partner violence and nutritional status of women in Zimbabwe
1000 Autor/in
  1. Iman’ishimwe Mukamana, Jeanette |
  2. Machakanja, Pamela |
  3. Zeeb, Hajo |
  4. Yaya, Sanni |
  5. Adjei, Nicholas Kofi |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2022
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
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1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2022-07-25
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 17(7):e0272038
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1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2022
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1000 Publikationsstatus
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1000 Abstract/Summary
  • BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and poor nutritional status are growing health problems in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). Moreover, violence against women has been shown to be associated with poor nutrition. This study investigated the relationship between IPV and nutritional status (i.e., underweight, overweight, and obesity) among women of reproductive age (15–49 years) in Zimbabwe. METHODS: Pooled data from the 2005/2006, 2010/2011, and 2015 Zimbabwe Demographic Health Surveys (ZDHS) on 13,008 married/cohabiting women were analysed. Multinomial logistic regression models were used to examine the associations between the various forms of IPV and the nutritional status of women. We further estimated the prevalence of BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 (overweight and obesity) by intimate partner violence type. RESULTS: The mean BMI of women was 24.3 kg/m2, more than one-fifth (24%) were overweight and about 12% were obese. Forty-three percent (43%) of women reported to have ever experienced at least one form of intimate partner violence. More than one-third (35%) of women who reported to have ever experienced at least one form of intimate partner violence had a BMI ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 (p< 0.01). Relative to normal weight, women who had ever experienced at least one form of IPV (i.e., physical, emotional, or sexual) were more likely to be obese (aOR = 2.59; 95% CI = 1.05–6.39). Women’s exposure to any form of intimate partner violence was not significantly associated with the likelihood of being underweight or overweight relative to normal weight. CONCLUSIONS: The study findings show that women of reproductive age in Zimbabwe are at high risk of both IPV and excess weight. Moreover, we found a positive relationship between exposure to at least one form IPV and obesity. Public health interventions that target the well-being, empowerment and development of women are needed to address the complex issue of IPV and adverse health outcomes, including obesity.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal Obesity
lokal Nutrition
lokal Emotions
lokal Overweight
lokal Intimate partner violence
lokal Zimbabwe
lokal Body mass index
lokal Body weight
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1000 Erstellt am 2022-10-21T12:42:04.828+0200
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