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Rahu-et-al_2023_Suicide and other causes of death among Chernobyl cleanup workers.pdf 649,53KB
WeightNameValue
1000 Titel
  • Suicide and other causes of death among Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia, 1986 - 2020: An update
1000 Autor/in
  1. Rahu, Kaja |
  2. Rahu, Mati |
  3. Zeeb, Hajo |
  4. Auvinen, Anssi |
  5. Bromet, Evelyn |
  6. Boice, John |
1000 Erscheinungsjahr 2023
1000 LeibnizOpen
1000 Publikationstyp
  1. Artikel |
1000 Online veröffentlicht
  • 2023-01-07
1000 Erschienen in
1000 Quellenangabe
  • 38(2):225-232
1000 FRL-Sammlung
1000 Copyrightjahr
  • 2023
1000 Lizenz
1000 Verlagsversion
  • https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-022-00957-3 |
  • https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9905157/ |
1000 Publikationsstatus
1000 Begutachtungsstatus
1000 Sprache der Publikation
1000 Abstract/Summary
  • Mortality was studied in a cohort of 4831 men from Estonia who participated in the environmental cleanup of the radioactively contaminated areas around Chernobyl in 1986–1991. Their mortality in 1986–2020 was compared with the mortality in the Estonian male population. A total of 1503 deaths were registered among the 4812 traced men. The all-cause standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was 1.04 (95% CI 0.99–1.09). All-cancer mortality was elevated (SMR 1.16, 95% CI 1.03–1.28). Radiation-related cancers were in excess (SMR 1.20, 95% CI 1.03–1.36); however, the excesses could be attributed to tobacco and alcohol consumption. For smoking-related cancers, the SMR was 1.20 (95% CI 1.06–1.35) and for alcohol-related cancers the SMR was 1.56 (95% CI 1.26–1.86). Adjusted relative risks (ARR) of all-cause mortality were increased among workers who stayed in the Chernobyl area ≥ 92 days (ARR 1.20, 95% CI 1.08–1.34), were of non-Estonian ethnicity (ARR 1.33, 95% CI 1.19–1.47) or had lower (basic or less) education (ARR 1.63, 95% CI 1.45–1.83). Suicide mortality was increased (SMR 1.31, 95% CI 1.05–1.56), most notably among men with lower education (ARR 2.24, 95% CI 1.42–3.53). Our findings provide additional evidence that unhealthy behaviors such as alcohol and smoking play an important role in shaping cancer mortality patterns among Estonian Chernobyl cleanup workers. The excess number of suicides suggests long-term psychiatric and substance use problems tied to Chernobyl-related stressors, i.e., the psychosocial impact was greater than any direct carcinogenic effect of low-dose radiation.
1000 Sacherschließung
lokal mortality
lokal Chernobyl
lokal cohort
lokal estonia
lokal suicide
lokal cleanup workers
1000 Fächerklassifikation (DDC)
1000 Liste der Beteiligten
  1. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9693-7540|https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7172-8048|https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7509-242X|https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1125-4818|https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2648-5793|https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8755-1299
1000 Label
1000 Förderer
  1. Estonian Ministry of Education and Science |
  2. US National Cancer Institute |
1000 Fördernummer
  1. SF 0940026s07
  2. N01-CP-85638–03
1000 Förderprogramm
  1. -
  2. -
1000 Dateien
  1. Suicide and other causes of death among Chernobyl cleanup workers from Estonia, 1986 - 2020: An update
1000 Förderung
  1. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer Estonian Ministry of Education and Science |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer SF 0940026s07
  2. 1000 joinedFunding-child
    1000 Förderer US National Cancer Institute |
    1000 Förderprogramm -
    1000 Fördernummer N01-CP-85638–03
1000 Objektart article
1000 Beschrieben durch
1000 @id frl:6452540.rdf
1000 Erstellt am 2023-05-15T11:19:27.244+0200
1000 Erstellt von 266
1000 beschreibt frl:6452540
1000 Bearbeitet von 317
1000 Zuletzt bearbeitet Mon Jun 12 08:48:17 CEST 2023
1000 Objekt bearb. Mon Jun 12 08:46:30 CEST 2023
1000 Vgl. frl:6452540
1000 Oai Id
  1. oai:frl.publisso.de:frl:6452540 |
1000 Sichtbarkeit Metadaten public
1000 Sichtbarkeit Daten public
1000 Gegenstand von

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